Mastitis is a common breast disease that can affect women of any age, and breastfeeding is the time period when women have a higher incidence. The main reason for mastitis is the accumulation of milk, how to treat mastitis? During the treatment of mastitis, patients should take good care of their bodies.
Causes of mastitis
1. Bacterial invasion
If the baby is sleeping with the breast or sucking on it, oral bacteria will invade the breast and mastitis will occur.
Bacterial invasion is a direct cause of mastitis.
2. Milk stagnation
Poorly developed nipples, such as sunken or small nipples, can interfere with breastfeeding and lead to milk accumulation. If the baby is not suckling as much, or if there is more milk, the milk will build up. If there is inflammation or pressure on the milk ducts, it will also cause the ducts to be blocked and lead to milk stagnation, which is a good breeding environment for invasive bacteria and can cause mastitis.
3. Other factors
If mastitis occurs during the non-lactation period, it may be related to blocked milk ducts, breast invagination and smoking. In addition, mastitis can be caused by trauma to the nipple, birth control pills and changes in hormone levels in the body.
Mastitis that does not occur during breastfeeding
How to treat mastitis
1. General treatment
(1) Hot and cold compresses
During the onset of mastitis, you can use 25% magnesium sulfate wet compresses on your breasts to reduce edema symptoms. If there is an inflammatory lump in the breast, patients should use hot compresses to relieve the symptoms, 3-4 times a day, each time the duration of the hot compress should be about 30 minutes.
(2) Drainage of breast milk
Women can continue breastfeeding in the early stage of inflammation. If there are symptoms of cracked and broken nipples, breastfeeding needs to be suspended, and patients can use inhalers to drain milk from the breast, clean the traumatized surface, and then apply anti-inflammatory ointments.
2. Drug treatment
In the early stages of mastitis, when abscesses have not yet formed, treatment with antibacterial drugs can reap better results. Patients should do bacterial culture and drug test sensitivity when using drugs, and then choose the right drug for them, they can choose penicillin, erythromycin, etc. If an abscess has formed and antibacterial drugs cannot achieve therapeutic results, surgical treatment is required.
In the early stage of mastitis, when abscesses have not yet formed, treatment with antibacterial drugs can yield better results
When mastitis develops early and abscesses have not yet formed, treatment with antibacterial drugs can yield better results.
3. Surgical treatment
If an abscess forms in a patient with mastitis and antibacterial medication is not effective, the patient can be treated surgically, which can be done by incision and drainage or laser perforation.
Care for mastitis
1. Maintain hygiene
Mastitis patients should do a good job of hygiene near the breast, clean the nipples when feeding, and also clean the baby’s mouth to avoid bacterial invasion.
2. Reduce breast pressure
Reducing pressure on the breasts can relieve milk stagnation. Patients should wear a bra that fits them. The breast will develop during breastfeeding, and if the bra is not replaced in time it will cause pressure on the breast. Also, it is important to avoid pressure on the breasts when sleeping.
3. Adequate rest time
Mastitis patients have sufficient sleep time
4. Breastfeeding correctly
The most important thing is to have a proper breastfeeding method for mastitis patients.
The most important thing to remember is that you can prevent mastitis in advance because the cause of this disease is clear. If you are suffering from mastitis, you should actively treat the disease, and while treating the disease, you should do a good job of cleaning your breasts to avoid aggravating the infection.
Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)