In the summer, the weather is hot and humid and eczema is highly prevalent. Many patients suffer from the disease, with itchy skin and day and night difficulties. Eczema is an inflammatory skin disease of the epidermis and superficial dermis caused by a variety of factors. It is characterized by intense itching, polymorphic lesions, symmetrical distribution, tendency to exude, chronic course, and easy recurrence. Some patients experience severe itching of the skin and sleepless nights, which seriously affects the quality of life.
Eczema is divided into acute, subacute and chronic according to the course of the disease
- Acute eczema: acute onset, often symmetrical distribution, with the head and face, limbs and vulva. In the course of the disease, erythema, papules, blisters, pustules, vesicles, crusts and other types of rashes can appear in sequence, but there are often 2-3 kinds of rashes coexist or at a certain stage to a certain type of rash is dominant. Often scratching frequently due to intense itching, making the condition worse.
- Subacute eczema: After the acute eczema inflammation and symptoms are reduced, the rash is dominated by papules, scales and crusts, but vesicles still appear after scratching.
- Chronic eczema: mostly due to the evolution of acute, subacute eczema repeated episodes, can also begin to present chronic inflammation. The affected area of the skin infiltration thickening, becoming dark red and pigmentation. When it does not heal, the lesions become coarse, dry and prone to cracking. It is common in the lower legs, hands, feet, elbow sockets, vulva, anus, etc. According to the location, it can be divided into: breast eczema, scrotal eczema, female eczema, anal eczema, hand eczema, and calf eczema.
In daily life, patients should pay attention to the following details
1, avoid external stimulation, do not take hot water, violent scratching, excessive washing to stop the itch, nor alcohol, cool oil to apply to the affected area to stop the itch.
2, wear loose cotton clothing, do not wear easily allergic fur, synthetic fiber clothing, try not to wear jewelry, no makeup, do not use perfume. At the same time should try to avoid factors that can aggravate eczema, such as: not timely use of moisturizing cream or ointment application, dry skin; tension or anxiety; sudden changes in temperature; overheating or sweating too much; the use of harsh cleaning products; contact with paint or pollen; in too dry environment.
- Quit smoking and limit alcohol, and eat reasonably. Avoid intake of allergenic and irritating food, such as fish, shrimp, chili, strong tea, coffee, etc., should quit tobacco dependence, limited alcohol consumption.
When the symptoms are heavy, through the skin moisturizing and life conditioning can not improve, can be assisted by drugs to improve the symptoms.
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